What an unsettling sentence, isn't it? If you like to be in nature, one of the animals to watch out for in summer is scorpions. These mischievous people, who live under stones and in holes during the day, come out at night to look for food in the cool.
It is common in the Mediterranean coasts of our country and in our Southeastern region. But it is one of the species you can encounter wherever you go, especially in summer. That's why it's important to pay attention. The scorpion species living in our country are mostly not deadly, but that doesn't mean you don't suffer.
The venom of the scorpion is quite effective, but under normal conditions, it does not tend to attack unless it feels that it is in danger. In cases of sting, local severe pain is evident. It can cause severe muscle pain and problems in the central nervous system. Symptoms such as redness, bruising and swelling may appear within the first 2 hours. Vomiting is accompanied by sweating and delirium. If the person is allergic to scorpion venom, then the situation is even worse. Of course, these things happen in the case of poisoning. Otherwise, swelling, bruising and pain may occur only at the bite site. It's actually not that hard to avoid a scorpion.
How Can You Protect From Scorpions?
- If you are going to camp or stay in such places, be careful because they live in bushes, under stones and in nooks where the sun does not hit.
- Check your seats.
- Do not walk barefoot at night.
- Check your tent before entering and your shoes and clothing before putting on.
- When camping, do not lie directly on the ground.
- Scorpions are not uncommon at noon when the sun is out. Because the sun dries the skin of scorpions. Scorpions mostly come out at night to hunt and feed.
- Scorpions can even live underground. They are mostly seen at rock bottoms.
Scorpion Poisoning Symptoms
First of all, let me say this without going into the scary details below. Of the 1750 types of scorpions, only 50 will kill you. Some of the others don't kill, but they can creep. Some of them can be overcome with the first symptoms. In case of poisoning, the first 10 minutes to 2 hours is the critical period. Symptoms appear in this process.
- Pain manifests as a rise in body temperature.
- There may be swelling, numbness and bruising at the sting site. Contractions and bruising will manifest themselves. It may increase as the process progresses.
- In the following symptoms, different symptoms such as vomiting, sweating, paranoia, shortness of breath, dizziness, pain, blurred vision may be encountered.
- In advanced levels, the heartbeat accelerates and becomes irregular, and there may be psychological problems. Difficulty in swallowing and shortness of breath follow. Contractions can spread throughout the body. The blood pressure may rise – fall, the body begins to sweat, and cramps appear in the area that received the poison.
What to Do in Case of Scorpion Sting?
- The first thing to do would be to photograph or, if possible, capture the scorpion so that it can be identified. The reason for this is to determine the experts' approach to the sting.
- A health institution or experts should be contacted immediately.
- If the scorpion stung from the arms and legs, the first thing to do will be to tie the upper part.
- The area should be cooled with ice. The temperature of the region should not be lowered to the point of freezing.
- Ammonia can be applied to the incision site.
- Baking soda slurry also serves to relieve pain.
- The wound site should be cleaned with alcohol and similar disinfectants.
- A scorpion stinger should not be walked. Since this will accelerate the circulation, it can cause the poison to spread throughout the body. Antidotes are used only in very serious cases. Apart from this, the patient should be followed for 24 to 48 hours.
- It should be delivered to the nearest health institution without moving it as much as possible.
Bonus: Scorpions and a few interesting facts.
- The oldest known scorpion fossil in history dates back 400 million years. The oldest known relative of the Scorpion, which lived 400 million years ago, is surprisingly similar to its present form.
- Scorpions, like cockroaches, can survive a nuclear attack.
- The most dangerous species live in northern Africa and the Middle East. If your destination is close to these places, you should pay special attention!
- Scorpions carry their young on their backs for several weeks.
- Females eat their male after mating (ups!)
- They are more cold-blooded and venomous than snakes.
- Most of them have a lifespan of around 8 years.
- The gestation period is between 7 and 12 months.
- Of the 1753 species, only 50 are poisonous.
- They don't tend to hurt if you don't stress them out
- It's an urban legend that he committed suicide when he realized he was going to die.
- If there is no strong poisoning, an antidote should not be used unnecessarily.