What are the Egyptian Pyramids ?
Egyptian pyramids are pyramid-shaped structures found in Egypt. It is thought that there are 118-138 pyramids in Egypt so far. The vast majority of these pyramids were built as tombs for the Egyptian pharaohs.
The earliest known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara, in the Memphis region of Egypt. The oldest of these is the Zoser Pyramid (Stepted Pyramid) and dates back to BC. It was built in the name of King Zoser in the years 2611-2630.
The architect of the Zoser Pyramid and the complex around it is Imhotep, and these structures are considered to be the oldest historical structures representing masonry craftsmanship in the world.
The best known and most popular of the Egyptian pyramids are the pyramids of Cheops, Khafre and Mikerinos, located in Giza on the outskirts of Cairo. Some of these pyramids are also known as the largest structures ever built on earth. Of the pyramids of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre is the largest Egyptian pyramid and is still the only artifact that has fully preserved its integrity among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
There is a belief that the shape of the Egyptian pyramids resembled the Benben stone, which the Egyptians thought was created from the earth itself. Another belief is that it symbolizes the descent of the sun's rays to the earth, as most of the pyramids are built with polished outer surfaces and white limestone that completely reflects the light, so that they appear extremely bright when viewed from the outside.
Although the common belief about the pyramids is that they are mausoleums, it is also thought that the pyramids were built to house the pharaohs when they were resurrected, because the pharaohs were buried in the pyramids with their wives, servants and assets. There are also those who think that the pyramids were built to resurrect the pharaohs from the dead.